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Facemasks in the COVID-19 era: A health hypothesis

Details: Many countries across the globe utilized medical and non-medical facemasks as non-pharmaceutical intervention for reducing the transmission and infectivity of coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19). Although, scientific evidence supporting facemasks' efficacy is lacking, adverse physiological, psychological and health effects are established.

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33303303/ Go Now

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The impact of health insurance on health

Details: How does health insurance affect health? After reviewing the evidence on this question, we reach three conclusions. First, many of the studies claiming to show a causal effect of health insurance on health do not do so convincingly because the observed correlation between insurance and good health may be driven by other, unobservable factors.

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/18031224/ Go Now

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Health, Health-Related Quality of Life, and Quality of

Details: The terms health, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and quality of life (QoL) are used interchangeably. Given that these are three key terms in the literature, their appropriate and clear use is important. This paper reviews the history and definitions of the terms and considers how they have …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26892973/ Go Now

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Health Benefits of Air Pollution Reduction

Details: Air pollution is a grave risk to human health that affects nearly everyone in the world and nearly every organ in the body. Fortunately, it is largely a preventable risk. Reducing pollution at its source can have a rapid and substantial impact on health. Within a few weeks, respiratory and irritatio …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31774324/ Go Now

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Health care-associated infections

Details: Health care-associated infections (HCAIs) are infections that occur while receiving health care, developed in a hospital or other health care facility that first appear 48 hours or more after hospital admission, or within 30 days after having received health care. Multiple studies indicate that the …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30532565/ Go Now

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The ethics of health communication

Details: Health communication should adhere to the principles of beneficence, non-maleficence, respect for personal autonomy, and justice. The exchange between health professionals and patients should involve informed consent regarding the purpose and nature of the intervention and possible alternatives.

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/8018285/ Go Now

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Racism & Health: A public health perspective on racial

Details: Racism affects health at different levels: institutional racism is a structural and legalized system that results in differential access to health services; cultural racism refers to the negative racial stereotypes, often reinforced by media, that results in poorer psychological and physiological wellbeing of …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29508479/ Go Now

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What does 'access to health care' mean

Details: Facilitating access is concerned with helping people to command appropriate health care resources in order to preserve or improve their health. Access is a complex concept and at least four aspects require evaluation. If services are available and there is an adequate supply of services, then the op …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/12171751/ Go Now

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Allium sativum: facts and myths regarding human health

Details: Garlic (Allium sativum L. fam. Alliaceae) is one of the most researched and best-selling herbal products on the market. For centuries it was used as a traditional remedy for most health-related disorders. Also, it is widely used as a food ingredient--spice and aphrodisiac. Garlic's properties result …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/24964572/ Go Now

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Revitalising the evidence base for public health: an

Details: Historically, approaches to the promotion of population health have been based on a deficit model. That is, they tend to focus on identifying the problems and needs of populations that require professional resources and high levels of dependence on hospital and welfare services. These deficit models …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/17685075/ Go Now

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Identifying the health conscious consumer

Details: Individuals who lead a "wellness-oriented" lifestyle are concerned with nutrition, fitness, stress, and their environment. They accept responsibility for their health and are excellent customers for health-related products and services. Those who lack a wellness orientation are identified as higher …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/10129812/ Go Now

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Happiness and Health

Details: Research into the relationship between happiness and health is developing rapidly, exploring the possibility that impaired happiness is not only a consequence of ill-health but also a potential contributor to disease risk. Happiness encompasses several constructs, including affective well-being (fee …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30601719/ Go Now

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Social marketing in public health

Details: Social marketing, the use of marketing to design and implement programs to promote socially beneficial behavior change, has grown in popularity and usage within the public health community. Despite this growth, many public health professionals have an incomplete understanding of the field. To advanc …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15760292/ Go Now

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Health impacts of climate change and health and social

Details: This article examines how social and health inequalities shape the health impacts of climate change in the UK, and what the implications are for climate change adaptation and health care provision. The evidence generated by the other articles of the special issue were interpreted using social justic …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29219089/ Go Now

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Health Literacy and Health Information Technology Adoption

Details: Interestingly, health literacy score was positively associated with trust in health care (P=.03). Conclusions: Patients with low health literacy were less likely to use HIT tools or perceive them as easy or useful, but they perceived information on HIT as private. Given the fast-paced evolution of technology, there is a pressing need to further

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27702738/ Go Now

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Health, absence, disability, and presenteeism cost

Details: Evidence about the total cost of health, absence, short-term disability, and productivity losses was synthesized for 10 health conditions. Cost estimates from a large medical/absence database were combined with findings from several published productivity surveys. Ranges of condition prevalence and …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15076658/ Go Now

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Health professionals' experience of teamwork education in

Details: Health organizations in western countries are committed to improving patient safety through education of staff and teamwork education programs have been integral to this focus. There are no current systematic reviews of the experience of health professionals who participate in teamwork education in …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27532314/ Go Now

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Education Improves Public Health and Promotes Health Equity

Details: Moreover, education is a fundamental social determinant of health - an upstream cause of health. Programs that close gaps in educational outcomes between low-income or racial and ethnic minority populations and higher-income or majority populations are needed to promote health equity.

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25995305/ Go Now

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France: Health System Review

Details: Despite health outcomes being among the best in the European Union, social and geographical health inequities remain. Inequality in the distribution of health care professionals is a considerable barrier to equity. The rising cost of health care and the increasing demand for long-term care are also of concern.

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26766545/ Go Now

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Use of Social Media in Health Communication: Findings From

Details: The number of social media users has increased substantially in the past decade, creating an opportunity for health-care professionals and patients to leverage social media for health communication. This study examines the recent use and predictors of social media for health communication in a natio …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30995864/ Go Now

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Health Justice: A Framework (and Call to Action) for the

Details: Health, equity, and justice make up the keystone of a functional, thriving society. These principles are unsatisfied when they do not apply equally to all members of society. This Article describes the social and legal roots of poor health and how health inequity, social injustice, and poverty are inextricably linked.

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28221739/ Go Now

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Patient education and health literacy

Details: Health literacy is linked to literacy and entails people's knowledge, motivation and competences to access, understand, appraise and apply health information in order to make judgements and take decisions in everyday life concerning health care, disease prevention and health promotion to maintain or improve quality of life during the life course.

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30017902/ Go Now

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Health Literacy and Access to Care

Details: Despite well-documented links between low health literacy, low rates of health insurance coverage, and poor health outcomes, there has been almost no research on the relationship between low health literacy and self-reported access to care. This study analyzed a large, nationally representative samp …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27043757/ Go Now

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Integrating health belief model and technology acceptance

Details: Background: Today, people use the Internet to satisfy health-related information and communication needs. In Malaysia, Internet use for health management has become increasingly significant due to the increase in the incidence of chronic diseases, in particular …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25700481/ Go Now

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Characteristics and Health Benefits of Phytochemicals

Details: These phytochemicals may have health benefits or adverse health effects, depending on the dosage. In the past, these effects were studied in cell and tissue cultures as well as in animal models. Meanwhile there are numerous epidemiological data that point to the extensive health potential of phytochemicals in …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27160996/ Go Now

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Carotenoids in human nutrition and health

Details: Carotenoids are naturally occurring pigments found in most fruits and vegetables, plants, algae, and photosynthetic bacteria. Humans cannot synthesize carotenoids and must ingest them in food or via supplementation. Carotenoids have a range of functions in human health. They primarily exert antioxid …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29885291/ Go Now

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Cuba's health care policy: prevention and active community

Details: In Cuba, health care is considered a human right for all citizens; health care is therefore a national priority. Cuba's health policy emphasizes prevention, primary care, services in the community, and the active participation of citizens. These emphases have produced an impressively high ranking on …

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Envisioning a Better U.S. Health Care System for All

Details: The American College of Physicians (ACP) has long advocated for universal access to high-quality health care in the United States. Yet, it is essential that the U.S. health system goes beyond ensuring coverage, efficient delivery systems, and affordability. Reductions in nonfinancial barriers to car …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31958803/ Go Now

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Health and climate change: policy responses to protect

Details: Health and climate change: policy responses to protect public health. Health and climate change: policy responses to protect public health Lancet. 2015 Nov 7;386(10006):1861-914. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(15)60854-6. Epub 2015 Jun 25. Authors Nick Watts 1

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Evidence-based public health: a fundamental concept for

Details: Despite the many accomplishments of public health, a greater attention to evidence-based approaches is warranted. This article reviews the concepts of evidence-based public health (EBPH), on which formal discourse originated about a decade ago. Key components of EBPH include making decisions on the …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19296775/ Go Now

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The Gut Microbiome and Mental Health: Implications for

Details: The recent, in-depth characterization of the human microbiome spurred a paradigm shift in human health and disease. Animal models strongly suggest a role for the gut microbiome in anxiety- and trauma-related disorders. The microbiota-gut-brain (MGB) axis sits at the epicenter of this new approach to mental health.

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28767318/ Go Now

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The effects of water shortages on health and human

Details: The global health burden associated with these conditions is staggering, with an estimated 1.6 million deaths every year from diseases associated with lack of access to safe drinking water, inadequate sanitation and poor hygiene. In this paper we review the impact of water shortages on health …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22991372/ Go Now

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Polycystic ovary syndrome and mental health: A review

Details: After completion of this article, the reader should be able to explain that, in addition to physiologic changes, women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) have various mental health problems and lowered health-related quality of life issues and state that treatment must address these concerns.

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/17044949/ Go Now

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The evolving concept of health literacy

Details: The relationship between poor literacy skills and health status is now well recognized and better understood. Interest in this relationship has led to the emergence of the concept of health literacy. The concept has emerged from two different roots - in clinical care and in public health. This paper …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/18952344/ Go Now

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The Effect of Health Information Technology on Health Care

Details: Background: Communication failures between physicians and nurses are one of the most common causes of adverse events for hospitalized patients, as well as a major root cause of all sentinel events. Communication technology (ie, the electronic medical record, computerized provider order entry, email, and pagers), which is a component of health information technology (HIT), may help reduce some

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26068442/ Go Now

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Subjective wellbeing, health, and ageing

Details: Subjective wellbeing and health are closely linked to age. Three aspects of subjective wellbeing can be distinguished-evaluative wellbeing (or life satisfaction), hedonic wellbeing (feelings of happiness, sadness, anger, stress, and pain), and eudemonic wellbeing (sense of purpose and meaning in life).

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25468152/ Go Now

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Income inequality and health: a causal review

Details: There is a very large literature examining income inequality in relation to health. Early reviews came to different interpretations of the evidence, though a large majority of studies reported that health tended to be worse in more unequal societies. More recent studies, not included in those review …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25577953/ Go Now

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Size acceptance and intuitive eating improve health for

Details: The health at every size approach enabled participants to maintain long-term behavior change; the diet approach did not. Encouraging size acceptance, reduction in dieting behavior, and heightened awareness and response to body signals resulted in improved health risk indicators for obese women.

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Governance of community health worker programs in a

Details: The functioning of CHW programs can be challenged by health system decentralization through the uneven operationalization of national health priorities at the local level. Building capacity within local governments to adequately resource CHWs and CHW programs will enhance the potential of these prog …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33980209/ Go Now

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Financial Literacy, Health Engagement, and Residents

Details: This study took residents' health level as the research object, adopted the perspective of financial literacy, and used the 2014-2018 China Family Panel Studies data to analyze the impact of financial literacy on the residents' health. The study found that financial literacy could have a significant …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33921047/ Go Now

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Web-Based Interventions to Improve Mental Health, General

Details: This is the first review assessing the impact of Web-based technologies on mental health, general caregiving outcomes, and general health for caregivers of adults with chronic conditions living in the community. Further rigorous research is needed that includes adequately powered studies examining t …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28754652/ Go Now

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Impact of social media on the health of children and young

Details: The studies identified that the health impact of social media on children and young people was greatest on mental health and specifically in the areas of self-esteem and well-being, with related issues around cyberbullying and 'Facebook Depression', with an association between the use of social media and self-esteem and body image.

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26607861/ Go Now

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Coconut (Cocos nucifera L.: Arecaceae): in health

Details: Coconut, Cocos nucifera L., is a tree that is cultivated for its multiple utilities, mainly for its nutritional and medicinal values. The various products of coconut include tender coconut water, copra, coconut oil, raw kernel, coconut cake, coconut toddy, coconut shell and wood based products, coco …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/21771462/ Go Now

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Health Competency Standards in Physical Therapist Practice

Details: Although the physical therapist profession is the leading established, largely nonpharmacological health profession in the world and is committed to health promotion and noncommunicable disease (NCD) prevention, these have yet to be designated as core physical therapist competencies. Based on findin …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31189180/ Go Now

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Yogurt, cultured fermented milk, and health: a systematic

Details: Consumption of yogurt and other fermented products is associated with improved health outcomes. Although dairy consumption is included in most dietary guidelines, there have been few specific recommendations for yogurt and cultured dairy products. A qualitative systematic review …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32447398/ Go Now

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Dietary protein and bone health: a systematic review and

Details: 1 Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, School of Medicine, and. 2 Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, Tufts University, Boston, MA. 3 Yale Bone Center at the Yale School of Medicine, Yale University, New Haven, CT. 4 Skeletal Health and Osteoporosis Center and Bone Density Unit, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA.

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28404575/ Go Now

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Barriers and facilitators to the implementation of lay

Details: Background: Lay health workers (LHWs) perform functions related to healthcare delivery, receive some level of training, but have no formal professional or paraprofessional certificate or tertiary education degree. They provide care for a range of issues, including maternal and child health. For LHW programmes to be effective, we need a better understanding of the factors that influence their

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