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THE WHO DEFINITION OF HEALTH: A CRITICAL READING

Details: The purpose of this article is to clarify the meaning of health, starting from the analysis of the definition of health stated by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 1948, highlighting its strengths and its critical aspects. The considerations on the opportunity to revise the definition of health …

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The paradox of health - PubMed

Details: Although the collective health of the nation has improved dramatically in the past 30 years, surveys reveal declining satisfaction with personal health during the same period. Increasingly, respondents report greater numbers of disturbing somatic symptoms, more disability, and more feelings of gener …

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Health benefits of fermented foods - PubMed

Details: In the past, the beneficial effects of fermented foods on health were unknown, and so people primarily used fermentation to preserve foods, enhance shelf life, and improve flavour. Fermented foods became an important part of the diet in many cultures, and over time fermentation has been associated w …

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Collaboration in Health Care - PubMed

Details: Health care involves the participation of patients, family, and a diverse team of often highly specialized health care professionals. Involvement of all these team members in a cooperative and coordinated way is essential to providing exceptional care. This article introduces key concepts relating t …

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Contribution of primary care to health systems and health

Details: Evidence of the health-promoting influence of primary care has been accumulating ever since researchers have been able to distinguish primary care from other aspects of the health services delivery system. This evidence shows that primary care helps prevent illness and death, regardless of whether t …

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The Health Effects of Cannabis and Cannabinoids: The

Details: The Health Effects of Cannabis and Cannabinoids provides a comprehensive review of scientific evidence related to the health effects and potential therapeutic benefits of cannabis. This report provides a research agenda—outlining gaps in current knowledge and opportunities for providing additional insight into these issues—that summarizes

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Fiber and prebiotics: mechanisms and health benefits

Details: The health benefits of dietary fiber have long been appreciated. Higher intakes of dietary fiber are linked to less cardiovascular disease and fiber plays a role in gut health, with many effective laxatives actually isolated fiber sources. Higher intakes of fiber are linked to lower body weights. On …

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The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health

Details: The Future of Nursing explores how nurses' roles, responsibilities, and education should change significantly to meet the increased demand for care that will be created by health care reform and to advance improvements in America's increasingly complex health system.At more than 3 million in number, nurses make up the single largest segment of the health care work force.

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Crossing the Quality Chasm: A New Health System for the

Details: Second in a series of publications from the Institute of Medicine's Quality of Health Care in America project Today's health care providers have more research findings and more technology available to them than ever before. Yet recent reports have raised serious doubts about the quality of health care in America.

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Glutathione metabolism and its implications for health

Details: Glutathione (gamma-glutamyl-cysteinyl-glycine; GSH) is the most abundant low-molecular-weight thiol, and GSH/glutathione disulfide is the major redox couple in animal cells. The synthesis of GSH from glutamate, cysteine, and glycine is catalyzed sequentially by two cytosolic enzymes, gamma-glutamylc …

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Health Justice: A Framework (and Call to Action) for the

Details: Health, equity, and justice make up the keystone of a functional, thriving society. These principles are unsatisfied when they do not apply equally to all members of society. This Article describes the social and legal roots of poor health and how health inequity, social injustice, and poverty are inextricably linked.

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Health, Absence, Disability, and Presenteeism Cost

Details: Evidence about the total cost of health, absence, short-term disability, and productivity losses was synthesized for 10 health conditions. Cost estimates from a large medical/absence database were combined with findings from several published productivity surveys. Ranges of condition prevalence and …

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The Health Consequences of Smoking—50 Years of Progress: A

Details: Fifty years have passed since publication of the landmark report of the Surgeon General’s Advisory Committee on smoking and health. This report highlights both the dramatic progress our nation has made reducing tobacco use and the continuing burden of disease and death caused by smoking.

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What is 'best practice' in health care? State of the art

Details: A framework for the classification of information on maintaining or improving effectiveness and efficiency in health care systems is proposed. Activities, disciplines and methods that are available to identify, implement and monitor the available evidence in health care are called 'best practice'. W …

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Testosterone and Cardiovascular Health - PubMed

Details: There is an ongoing debate in the medical community regarding the effects of testosterone on cardiovascular (CV) health. For decades, there has been conflicting evidence regarding the association of endogenous testosterone levels and CV disease (CVD) events that has resulted in much debate and confusion among health care providers and patients alike.

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Health Literacy and Health Information Technology Adoption

Details: Interestingly, health literacy score was positively associated with trust in health care (P=.03). Conclusions: Patients with low health literacy were less likely to use HIT tools or perceive them as easy or useful, but they perceived information on HIT as private. Given the fast-paced evolution of technology, there is a pressing need to further

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What Is Population Health?

Details: Population health includes health outcomes, patterns of health determinants, and policies and interventions that link these two. Attention to social and environmental, as well as medical, determinants of health is essential. The population health lens can be used at the individual, practice, institutional, and community levels.

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Religion, spirituality, and health: the research and

Details: This paper provides a concise but comprehensive review of research on religion/spirituality (R/S) and both mental health and physical health. It is based on a systematic review of original data-based quantitative research published in peer-reviewed journals between 1872 and 2010, including a few sem …

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Meta-Analyses of the Effects of Habitual Running on

Details: Affiliations 1 Department of Public and Occupational Health and the EMGO+ Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Center, Van der Boechorststraat 7, 1081 BT, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. [email protected]; 2 Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Durban University of Technology, PO Box 1334, Durban, 4001, South Africa. [email protected]

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Health interventions for people who are homeless

Details: Primary health-care programmes specifically tailored to homeless individuals might be more effective than standard primary health care. Standard case management, assertive community treatment, and critical time intervention are effective models of mental health-care delivery.

› Verified 21 days ago

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Health Literacy and Cardiovascular Disease: Fundamental

Details: Health literacy is the degree to which individuals are able to access and process basic health information and services and thereby participate in health-related decisions. Limited health literacy is highly prevalent in the United States and is strongly associated with patient morbidity, mortality, healthcare use, and costs.

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Cow's Milk Consumption and Health: A Health Professional's

Details: The most recent scientific evidence supports the consumption of cow's milk and dairy products as part of a balanced diet. However, these days, the public and practicing physicans are exposed to a stream of inconsistent (and often misleading) information regarding the relationship between cow's milk intake and health in the lay press and in the media.

› Verified 18 days ago

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Factors Associated With Mental Health Outcomes Among

Details: Importance: Health care workers exposed to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) could be psychologically stressed. Objective: To assess the magnitude of mental health outcomes and associated factors among health care workers treating patients exposed to COVID-19 in China. Design, settings, and participants: This cross-sectional, survey-based, region-stratified study collected demographic data

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Adolescents' health literacy, health protective measures

Details: Purpose: First, to describe adolescents' health information sources and knowledge, health literacy (HL), health protective measures, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) during the initial phase of the Covid-19 pandemic in Norway. Second, to investigate the association between HL and the knowledge and behavior relevant for preventing spread of the virus.

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National Center for Biotechnology Information

Details: National Center for Biotechnology Information

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28672128/ Go Now

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Impact of intermittent fasting on health and disease

Details: The cellular and molecular mechanisms by which IF improves health and counteracts disease processes involve activation of adaptive cellular stress response signaling pathways that enhance mitochondrial health, DNA repair and autophagy. PF also promotes stem cell-based regeneration as well as long-lasting metabolic effects.

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The mental health of medical workers in Wuhan, China

Details: The mental health of medical workers in Wuhan, China dealing with the 2019 novel coronavirus Lancet Psychiatry . 2020 Mar;7(3):e14. doi: 10.1016/S2215-0366(20)30047-X. Epub 2020 Feb 5.

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eHealth Literacy: Essential Skills for Consumer Health in

Details: Electronic health tools provide little value if the intended users lack the skills to effectively engage them. With nearly half the adult population in the United States and Canada having literacy levels below what is needed to fully engage in an information-rich society, the implications for using information technology to promote health and aid in health care, or for eHealth, are considerable.

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Racism & Health: A public health perspective on racial

Details: Racism affects health at different levels: institutional racism is a structural and legalized system that results in differential access to health services; cultural racism refers to the negative racial stereotypes, often reinforced by media, that results in poorer psychological and physiological wellbeing of the minorities.

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Health Literacy: A Prescription to End Confusion

Details: Health Literacy: Prescription to End Confusion examines the body of knowledge that applies to the field of health literacy, and recommends actions to promote a health literate society. By examining the extent of limited health literacy and the ways to improve it, we can improve the health of individuals and populations.

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Public Health Interventions for Osteoarthritis - updates

Details: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a painful joint disease affecting more than 32.5 million adults in the US and over 350 million adults worldwide. The prevalence is expected to rise continually over the next several decades with significant impacts to societal health and economic costs as well as individuals' daily activities and quality of life.

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Body Mass Index: Obesity, BMI, and Health: A Critical Review

Details: It also is widely used as a risk factor for the development of or the prevalence of several health issues. In addition, it is widely used in determining public health policies.The BMI has been useful in population-based studies by virtue of its wide acceptance in defining specific categories of body mass as a health issue.

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Health and medical care in Ethiopia - PubMed

Details: Health care is often dispensed legally or illegally by pharmacists. Overall, there is 1 physician for 57,876 people, but in the southwest and west central Ethiopia 1 physician serves between 200,000 and 300,000 people. In rural areas, where 90% of the population lives, 85% live at least 3 days by foot from a rural health unit.

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High prevalence of vitamin D inadequacy and implications

Details: Supplemental doses of vitamin D and sensible sun exposure could prevent deficiency in most of the general population. The purposes of this article are to examine the prevalence of vitamin D inadequacy and to review the potential implications for skeletal and extraskeletal health.

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Milk and Health - PubMed

Details: Milk and Health. Milk and Health. Milk and Health N Engl J Med. 2020 Feb 13;382(7):644-654. doi: 10.1056/NEJMra1903547. Authors Walter C Willett 1 , David S Ludwig 1 Affiliation 1 From the Departments of Nutrition (W.C.W., D

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Structural racism and health inequities in the USA

Details: Despite growing interest in understanding how social factors drive poor health outcomes, many academics, policy makers, scientists, elected officials, journalists, and others responsible for defining and responding to the public discourse remain reluctant to identify racism as a root cause of racial …

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Health and productivity as a business strategy: a

Details: A strong link exists between health and productivity. Integrating productivity data with health data can help employers develop effective workplace health human capital investment strategies. More research is needed to understand the impacts of comorbidity and to evaluate the cost effectiveness of h …

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N95 Respirators vs Medical Masks for Preventing Influenza

Details: Importance: Clinical studies have been inconclusive about the effectiveness of N95 respirators and medical masks in preventing health care personnel (HCP) from acquiring workplace viral respiratory infections. Objective: To compare the effect of N95 respirators vs medical masks for prevention of influenza and other viral respiratory infections among HCP.

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Quality criteria were proposed for measurement properties

Details: Objectives: Recently, an increasing number of systematic reviews have been published in which the measurement properties of health status questionnaires are compared. For a meaningful comparison, quality criteria for measurement properties are needed. Our aim was to develop quality criteria for design, methods, and outcomes of studies on the development and evaluation of health status

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Mental health-related stigma in health care and mental

Details: Affiliations 1 Health Service and Population Research Department, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK. Electronic address: [email protected] 2 Springfield Hospital, South West London and St George's NHS Mental Health Trust, London, UK.; 3 Health Service and Population Research Department, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and

› Verified 12 days ago

› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26361202/ Go Now

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Communities in Action: Pathways to Health Equity

Details: Communities in Action: Pathways to Health Equity seeks to delineate the causes of and the solutions to health inequities in the United States. This report focuses on what communities can do to promote health equity, what actions are needed by the many and varied stakeholders that are part of communities or support them, as well as the root

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Stress-induced immune dysfunction: implications for health

Details: Folk wisdom has long suggested that stressful events take a toll on health. The field of psychoneuroimmunology (PNI) is now providing key mechanistic evidence about the ways in which stressors--and the negative emotions that they generate--can be translated into physiological changes. PNI researcher …

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Health Insurance Coverage and Health - What the Recent

Details: Health Insurance Coverage and Health - What the Recent Evidence Tells Us. Health Insurance Coverage and Health - What the Recent Evidence Tells Us N Engl J Med. 2017 Aug 10;377(6):586-593. doi: 10.1056/NEJMsb1706645. Epub 2017 Jun 21. Authors Benjamin D Sommers

› Verified 20 days ago

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The health impact of the 2014-15 Ebola outbreak

Details: The health system was severely compromised due to overwhelming demand, healthcare workers deaths, resource diversion and closure of health facilities. Fear of Ebola and healthcare workers led to a breakdown in trust in health systems. Access to healthcare was compromised.

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Evaluating the Quality of Health Information in a Changing

Details: Background: Critical evaluation of online health information has always been central to consumer health informatics. However, with the emergence of new Web media platforms and the ubiquity of social media, the issue has taken on a new dimension and urgency.

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Social relationships and health - PubMed

Details: Social relationships and health. Social relationships and health Am Psychol. 2004 Nov;59(8):676-684. doi: 10.1037/0003-066X.59.8.676. Author Sheldon Cohen 1 Affiliation 1 Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University. PMID: 15554821 DOI: 10

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Quarantine alone or in combination with other public

Details: 2 Health Services Research and Health Technology Assessment, UMIT - University for Health Sciences, Medical Informatics and Technology, Department of Public Health, Hall in Tirol, Austria. 3 Oncotyrol - Center for Personalized Cancer Medicine, Division of Health Technology Assessment and Bioinformatics, Innsbruck, Austria.

› Verified 2 days ago

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Stigma among health professionals towards patients with

Details: This review indicates that negative attitudes of health professionals towards patients with substance use disorders are common and contribute to suboptimal health care for these patients. However, few studies have evaluated the consequences of health professionals' negative attitudes towards patient …

› Verified 17 days ago

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Pain as a global public health priority - PubMed

Details: The prevalence, incidence, and vast social and health consequences of global pain requires that the public health community give due attention to this issue. Doing so will mean that health care providers and public health professionals will have a more comprehensive understanding of pain and the app …

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