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Infant Care and Infant Health: Condition Information

Details: This health topic covers some of the many issues related to infant health and infant care, including: Infancy is generally considered to be the period from birth until age 2 years. It is a time of rapid growth and change for children and families.

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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health

Details: STIs can also cause long-term health problems, particularly in women and infants. Some of the health problems that arise from STIs include pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility, tubal or ectopic pregnancy, cervical cancer, and perinatal or congenital infections in infants.

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Men's Reproductive Health: Condition Information | NICHD

Details: Men should consult with their health care provider to discuss which contraceptive method is best for the couple, based on overall health, age, frequency of sexual activity, number of partners, desire to have children in the future, and family history of certain diseases. Contraceptive methods work best when they are used correctly and consistently.

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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health

Details: NICHD is one of many federal agencies working to improve maternal health and pregnancy outcomes, with the goal of preventing and treating pregnancy-related complications to reduce maternal morbidity and mortality.

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Maternal Morbidity and Mortality | NICHD - Eunice Kennedy

Details: NICHD is one of many federal agencies working to improve maternal health and pregnancy outcomes, with the goal of preventing and treating pregnancy-related complications to reduce maternal morbidity and mortality.

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NICHD Maternal Morbidity and Mortality Research

Details: Moms’ Mental Health Matters This initiative from NICHD’s National Child & Maternal Health Education Program helps educate consumers and health care providers about who is at risk for depression and anxiety during and after pregnancy, the signs of these problems, and how to get help.

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Down Syndrome: Condition Information | NICHD - Eunice

Details: For Researchers and Health Care Providers COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov

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Contact NICHD | NICHD - Eunice Kennedy Shriver National

Details: The NICHD Information Resource Center provides information to the public on health issues within the NICHD research portfolio. Trained information specialists will direct you to health information, related resources, and materials ordering. Information specialists are available Monday through Friday, 8:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. EST. Phone: 1-800-370-2943 Email: [email protected]

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Gynecologic Health and Disease Branch (GHDB) | NICHD

Details: Overview/Mission GHDB aims to improve women’s reproductive health by guiding and supporting gynecologic research and career development programs with the vision of a future in which women lead lives free of the effects of gynecologic disorders.

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How does bullying affect health and well-being? | NICHD

Details: Bullying can affect physical and emotional health, both in the short term and later in life. It can lead to physical injury, social problems, emotional problems, and even death.1 Those who are bullied are at increased risk for mental health problems, headaches, and problems adjusting to school.2 Bullying also can cause long-term damage to self-esteem.3

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What are reading disorders? | NICHD - Eunice Kennedy

Details: Office of Global Health (OGH) Office of Health Equity (OHE) Office of Legislation and Public Policy (OLPP) Office of Science Policy, Reporting, and Program Analysis (OSPRA) Division of Extramural Research (DER) Extramural Scientific Branches; Grants Management Branch (GMB) Office of Committee Management (OCM) Office of Extramural Policy (OEP)

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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health

Details: NICHD is one of many federal agencies and NIH Institutes working to understand ASD. NICHD supports and conducts research on what causes autism, how best to detect signs of autism, how best to treat autism and its symptoms, and other topics.

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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health

Details: Therapies can help people with TBI recover functions, relearn skills, and find new ways to do things that take their new health status into account. Rehabilitation can include several different kinds of therapy for physical, emotional, and cognitive difficulties and for a variety of activities, such as daily self-care, driving, and interacting

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What are examples and causes of maternal morbidity and

Details: Maternal health problems related to pregnancy and giving birth can occur during pregnancy, during delivery, and after a pregnancy ends. Some common examples of maternal morbidity include the following 2: Cardiovascular problems, such as heart disease and blood vessel problems;

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Mom's Mental Health Matters: Moms-to-be and Moms - NCMHEP

Details: Pregnancy and a new baby can bring a range of emotions. In fact, many women feel overwhelmed, sad, or anxious at different times during their pregnancy and even after the baby is born. For many women, these feelings go away on their own. But for some women, these emotions are more serious and may stay for some time.

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Extremely Preterm Birth Outcomes Tool | NICHD - Eunice

Details: Healthcare providers and families face significant challenges in making care decisions for extremely preterm infants. They make decisions about individual infants based on each infant’s situation and using the best available information at the time. Through its research, NICHD aims to better inform healthcare providers and families about the health, survival, and development of infants born

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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health

Details: The Add Health study is the largest, most comprehensive survey of adolescents ever undertaken. Initially, the goals of the study focused only on adolescents. Researchers designed the study to determine how families, friends, peer groups, schools, neighborhoods, communities, and individual characteristics influence health, health behaviors, and

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Division of Intramural Population Health Research (DIPHR

Details: Population health research focuses on health and disease outcomes in populations rather than individuals. A life course approach, from gametes through adulthood, is important for studying health and disease. Hierarchical data are required for measuring environmental exposures affecting individuals, couples, or families.

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What can I do to promote a healthy pregnancy? | NICHD

Details: Your health care provider may screen you for iron-deficiency anemia and, if you have it, may recommend iron supplements. 25 Your health care provider may also recommend a vitamin B12 supplement if you are a vegan. 26,27 (Vegetarians normally get enough vitamin B12 by eating eggs and dairy products.)

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Healthcare & Service Providers | Safe to Sleep

Details: Questions and Answers for Health Care Providers: SIDS and Other Sleep-Related Causes of Infant Death This 32-page booklet for health care providers provides answers to common questions about SIDS and other sleep-related causes of infant death and includes references to scientific articles that describe the evidence on which the answers are based.

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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health

Details: The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) is a longitudinal effort to examine a nationally representative sample of adolescents' and young adults' social contexts- including families, friends, peers, schools, neighborhoods, and communities- and their effects on their health and risk behaviors.

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What are some types of assistive devices and how are they

Details: Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2012). Accelerating adoption of assistive technology to reduce physical strain among family caregivers of the chronically disabled elderly living at home. Appendix B. Family caregiver guide to assistive technologies and home modifications.

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About Maternal Morbidity and Mortality | NICHD - Eunice

Details: For each woman who dies, many more women experience short- and long-term health problems related to pregnancy or giving birth, called maternal morbidity. 3. To understand maternal morbidity and mortality, it’s important to know how different groups measure these issues and what the different terms mean.

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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health

Details: The health care provider may look for signs of milk production in the breasts, which suggests a hormone imbalance, and other physical symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome and other conditions that affect fertility. A health care provider may also conduct the following laboratory tests and evaluations: 1,2

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What lifestyle and environmental factors may be involved

Details: Research consistently shows that lifestyle factors—what you eat, how well you sleep, where you live, and other behaviors—have profound effects on health and disease. Fertility is no exception. A number of lifestyle factors affect fertility in women, in men, or in both.

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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health

Details: Most children with cerebral palsy are diagnosed during their first 2 years of life. But if symptoms are mild, a health care provider may not be able to make a diagnosis before the age of 4 or 5. 1,2. During regular well-baby and well-child visits, a child’s health care provider will examine 1,2: Growth and development; Muscle tone; Control of

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Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) | NICHD - Eunice Kennedy

Details: Polycystic (pronounced pah-lee-SIS-tik) ovary syndrome, or PCOS, is a set of symptoms related to a hormonal imbalance that can affect women and girls of reproductive age. PCOS may cause menstrual cycle changes, skin changes such as increased facial and body hair and acne, cysts in the ovaries, and infertility. Often, women with PCOS have problems with their metabolism also.

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Will stress during pregnancy affect my baby? | NICHD

Details: Moms' Mental Health Matters explains some signs of these problems and provides an action plan for getting help. Talk to your health care provider if you feel overwhelmed, sad, or anxious. Treatment and counseling can help.

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Are there ways to reduce the risk of infant mortality

Details: Researchers and health care providers are also working to understand the health challenges faced by infants born preterm or at a low birth weight as a way to develop treatments for these challenges. For instance, preterm infants are at high risk for serious breathing problems as a result of their underdeveloped lungs.

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What is prenatal care and why is it important? | NICHD

Details: Prenatal visits to a health care provider usually include a physical exam, weight checks, and providing a urine sample. Depending on the stage of the pregnancy, health care providers may also do blood tests and imaging tests, such as ultrasound exams.

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Bullying | NICHD - Eunice Kennedy Shriver National

Details: Bullying is unwanted aggressive behavior by another person or group of people. In bullying, there is always an actual or perceived power imbalance, and the aggression is repeated multiple times or is highly likely to be repeated. Bullying also includes cyberbullying, a type of aggression that is carried out through electronic means, such as through the Internet, e-mail, or mobile devices.

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More Information on Muscular Dystrophy | NICHD - Eunice

Details: Office of Global Health (OGH) Office of Health Equity (OHE) Office of Legislation and Public Policy (OLPP) Office of Science Policy, Reporting, and Program Analysis (OSPRA) Division of Extramural Research (DER) Extramural Scientific Branches; Grants Management Branch (GMB) Office of Committee Management (OCM) Office of Extramural Policy (OEP)

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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health

Details: One of these is the extramural Population Dynamics Branch (PDB), which supports research and research training in demography, reproductive health, and population health. The Institute’s Pregnancy and Perinatology Branch (PPB) seeks to promote healthy pregnancy, labor, delivery, and infancy by supporting research on multiple topics within each

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How do health care providers diagnose PCOS? | NICHD

Details: Health care providers look for three characteristic features of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS): absence of ovulation, high levels of androgens, and cysts on the ovaries. Having one or more of these features could lead to a diagnosis of PCOS. If your medical history suggests that you might have PCOS, your health care provider will rule out other conditions that may cause similar symptoms.

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Health Literacy and the NICHD | NICHD - Eunice Kennedy

Details: “Health literacy” is the ability to obtain and understand health information to help make appropriate health decisions for oneself and one’s family. Consumer activities related to health literacy can range from the seemingly simple—such as understanding how and when to take a medication—to the more complex—such as managing chronic

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What are the treatments for endometriosis? | NICHD

Details: In most cases, healthcare providers will recommend laparoscopy to remove or vaporize the growths to also improve fertility in women who have mild or minimal endometriosis. 8 Although studies show improved pregnancy rates following this type of surgery, the success rate is not clear. If pregnancy does not occur after laparoscopic treatment, in vitro fertilization (IVF) may be the best option to

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National Institutes of Health (NIH) Research Plan on Down

Details: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH, DHHS. (2007). National Institutes of Health (NIH) Research Plan on Down Syndrome (NA). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

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What are the different types of contraception? | NICHD

Details: A health care provider must perform the sterilization procedure, which usually involves surgery. These procedures usually are not reversible. A sterilization implant is a nonsurgical method for permanently blocking the fallopian (pronounced fuh- LOH-pee-uhn ) tubes. 11 A health care provider threads a thin tube through the vagina and into the

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National Children's Study (NCS) Archive | NICHD - Eunice

Details: Overview Available Data More Information. Overview. The NCS, authorized by the Children’s Health Act of 2000, was a planned large-scale, long-term study of U.S. children and their parents designed to study environmental influences on child health and development.. The NCS Vanguard (Pilot) Study began in 2009, testing methods and procedures planned for use in a larger Main Study.

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When breastfeeding, how many calories should moms and

Details: Whether or not to increase caloric intake during breastfeeding is a decision that should be made with the assistance of a health care provider. Poorly nourished mothers, those on vegan diets or other special diets, and those with certain health conditions may require a supplement of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in addition to multivitamins to

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Who is at risk of preeclampsia? | NICHD - Eunice Kennedy

Details: According to the World Health Organization, among women who have had preeclampsia, about 20% to 40% of their daughters and 11% to 37% of their sisters also will get the disorder. 7; Preeclampsia is also more common among women who have histories of certain health conditions,

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What are some factors that make a pregnancy high risk

Details: Several factors can make a pregnancy high risk, including existing health conditions, the mother’s age, lifestyle, and health issues that happen before or during pregnancy. This page provides some possible factors that could create a high-risk pregnancy situation. This list is not meant to be all-inclusive, and each pregnancy is different, so the specific risks for one pregnancy may not be

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Report of the National Reading Panel | NICHD - Eunice

Details: Teaching Children to Read. Introduction Congressional Charge. In 1997, Congress asked the "Director of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), in consultation with the Secretary of Education, to convene a national panel to assess the status of research-based knowledge, including the effectiveness of various approaches to teaching children to read."

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Can you promote a healthy pregnancy before getting

Details: Many health problems affect not only the pregnant woman but also the developing infant. Some examples are diabetes, hypertension (high blood pressure), infections, asthma, seizure disorders, and maternal phenylketonuria (an inherited condition in which the pregnant woman’s body can’t break down the amino acid phenylalanine [pronounced fen-l-AL-uh-neen], resulting in high levels in her blood).

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Do obesity & overweight affect pregnancy? | NICHD - Eunice

Details: Obesity-related Health Risks for Mothers. Women who are overweight or obese during pregnancy face several possible health risks, including high blood pressure, gestational diabetes, and an increased chance of needing a Cesarean delivery. 1,2. Gestational diabetes is diabetes that begins during pregnancy. Women who have had gestational diabetes

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What is a high-risk pregnancy? | NICHD - Eunice Kennedy

Details: A high-risk pregnancy is one that threatens the health or life of the mother or her fetus. It often requires specialized care from specially trained providers. Some pregnancies become high risk as they progress, while some women are at increased risk for complications even before they get pregnant for a variety of reasons. Early and regular prenatal care helps many women have healthy

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Report of the National Reading Panel: Teaching Children to

Details: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Public Health Service National Institutes of Health National Institute of Child Health and Human Development NIH Pub. No. 00-4769 April 2000 (Report of the National Reading Panel: Reports of the Subgroups provides complete and extensive descriptions of information presented in this Report.)

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National Reading Panel (Historical/For Reference Only

Details: Overview; Topic Areas; More Information; Overview. In 1997, Congress asked NICHD, through its Child Development and Behavior Branch, to work with the U.S. Department of Education in establishing a National Reading Panel that would evaluate existing research and evidence to find the best ways of teaching children to read.. The 14-member panel included members from different backgrounds

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Breastfeeding and Breast Milk | NICHD - Eunice Kennedy

Details: Breastfeeding provides an infant with essential calories, vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients for optimal growth, health, and development. Breastfeeding is beneficial to both a mother and her infant and also offers an important opportunity for the pair to bond. NICHD supports many areas of breastfeeding research, including studies of the benefits of breastfeeding and breast milk, the

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