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Concepts and definitions of health and health-related

Details: Health is an aspect interwoven with all other aspects of life, everyday life, working life, family life, and community life. Health is viewed a resource and a total, personal, situation-specific phenomenon. Absence of disease is not enough – the life situation as a whole must be taken into consideration.

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The Meanings of Health and its Promotion

Details: The Constitution of the World Health Organization, which came into force on April 7, 1948, defined health “as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being.” The writers of the Constitution were clearly aware of the tendency of seeing health as a state dependent on the presence or

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Health Databases and Health Database Organizations: …

Details: No one engaged in any part of health care delivery or planning today can fail to sense the immense changes on the horizon, even if the silhouettes of those changes, let alone the details, are in dispute. 11The Clinton administration's proposed Health Security Act (HSA, 1993) gives appreciable attention to information systems and related matters.

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Summary of the Public Health System in the United States

Details: This section summarizes the organization of health agencies, the range of activities carried out by them, and their use and allocation of resources at the federal, state, and local levels. When possible, the range of activities of health agencies are categorized by the functions of public health as outlined in Chapter 2: assessment, policy development and leadership, and assurance of access to

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A History of the Public Health System

Details: In Chapter 1, the committee found that the current public health system must play a critical role in handling major threats to the public health, but that this system is currently in disarray. Chapter 2 explained the committee's ideal for the public health system—how it should be arranged for handling current and future threats to health. In this chapter the history of the existing public

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Impact of Incarceration on Health

Details: As reported by several participants, individuals enter correctional facilities with many health problems; and incarceration has an impact on their health. Evidence was presented that many are released (especially from jails, given the high turnover rate)—and too often are re-incarcerated—with pressing health needs. Participants in the workshop discussed the impact of incarceration on

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The Development Of Health And Housing Consortia In …

Details: Health and housing consortia in New York City offer a model for bridging the divide between the health care and housing sectors. While staff in these sectors often recognize the need to better integrate their services, there are few models for doing so. In this article we describe the formation of a health and housing consortium in the Bronx

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Racial And Ethnic Disparities In Care Following The New

Details: 4 Kathleen Terry is a senior director at IPRO, in Lake Success, New York. 5 Marcus Friedrich is chief medical officer of the Office of Quality and Patient Safety at the New York State Department of Health, in Albany. 6 Amal N. Trivedi ( [email protected] ) is a professor in the Department of Health Services, Policy, and Practice, Brown

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SHP2 inhibition diminishes KRASG12C cycling and …

Details: 6 Department of Pathology, New York University School of Medicine, NYU Langone Health, New York, NY. PMID: 33045063 PMCID: PMC7549316 (available on 2021-07-04) DOI: 10.1084/jem.20201414 Abstract KRAS is the most frequently mutated human oncogene, and KRAS inhibition has …

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Age-Related Diseases and Clinical and Public Health

Details: Now is the time for the public health community to plan for the “older-older age wave.” Many cities have begun to explore how to make themselves more “elder-friendly.” As the baby boom-generation ages from 65 to 85, there will be a more intense need for services in the home and in community and institutional settings.

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Education Improves Public Health and Promotes Health Equity

Details: First, health is a prerequisite for education: hungry children or children who cannot hear well, or who have chronic toothaches, eg, are hindered in their learning. 5 Second, education about health (ie, health education) occurs within schools and in many public health interventions; it is a central tool of public health. 6 Third, physical

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Technology and the Future of Healthcare

Details: Health 2.0. There are many areas where the scale and unit profits of the healthcare market will drive technical developments. Collectively, this technology-driven progress in healthcare is sometimes called Health 2.0, to distinguish it from what we are doing now – Health 1.0. While Health 2.0 is exciting, it is sobering to realize that

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Social Determinants and Health Behaviors: Conceptual

Details: Health behaviors are frequently discussed as individual-level behaviors, but they can be measured and summarized for individuals, groups, or populations. Health behaviors are dynamic, varying over the lifespan, across cohorts, across settings, and over time. With smoking in the U.S, for example, the likelihood of initiation varies with age.

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Health needs assessment : Development and importance of

Details: Health needs assessment is a new phrase to describe the development and refinement of well established approaches to understanding the needs of a local population. In the 19th century the first medical officers for health were responsible for assessing the needs of their local populations.

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Sociology and Health

Details: Health Problems as Social Problems. The historical focus of sociology is on social problems in human society. Social problems include health problems, crime , deviance, violence , poverty , inequality, population problems, delinquency, and institutional instability.

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Definitions of health-care settings and other related

Details: Other health-care providers (including community health workers). All workers who respond to the national definition of health-care providers and are neither physicians/doctors, midwives, nurses, pharmacists, or dentists.

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The Impact of Social and Cultural Environment on Health

Details: Health is determined by several factors including genetic inheritance, personal behaviors, access to quality health care, and the general external environment (such as the quality of air, water, and housing conditions). In addition, a growing body of research has documented associations between social and cultural factors and health (Berkman and Kawachi, 2000; Marmot and Wilkinson, 2006).

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Health care in Germany: The German health care system

Details: The German health care system is self-administrating and is operated by many institutions and players. This information describes the organizations that are involved in the health care system, the system’s structure, and how it has changed over time. The German health care system is divided into three main areas: outpatient care, inpatient care (the hospital sector), and rehabilitation

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The Health Care Delivery System

Details: This chapter addresses the issues of access, managing chronic disease, neglected health care services (i.e., clinical preventive services, oral, and mental health care and substance abuse services), and the capacity of the health care delivery system to better serve the population in terms of cultural competence, quality, the workforce, financing, information technology, and emergency

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The Hidden Dangers of Fast and Processed Food

Details: Overview. The fundamental concern as we look to reform health in America is the known reality that most chronic diseases that afflict Americans are predominantly lifestyle induced; and the belief is that the vast majority of heart attacks and strokes could be prevented if people were willing to adopt healthy lifestyle behaviors.

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Today’s Health Problems and Health Education

Details: Health education and health educators will be expected to contribute to the reduction of the negative impact of such major health problems as heart disease, cancer, dental disease, mental illness and other neurological disturbances, obesity, accidents, and the adjustments necessary to a productive old age.

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Public Health as a Problem-Solving Activity: Barriers to

Details: Unless these barriers are overcome, the committee believes that it will be impossible to develop and sustain the capacity to meet current and future challenges to public health while maintaining the progress already achieved. Deaths and disabilities that could be prevented with current knowledge and technologies will occur. The health problems cited in Chapter 1, and many others, will continue

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The Effects of Tobacco Use on Health

Details: The scope of the burden of disease and death that cigarette smoking imposes on the public's health is extensive. Cigarette smoking is the major focus of this chapter because it is the central public health problem, but the topics of secondhand smoke exposure, smoking of other combustible tobacco products, smokeless tobacco, and electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) are also considered.

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Health systems in India

Details: Public health-care infrastructure in India. India has a mixed health-care system, inclusive of public and private health-care service providers. 6 However, most of the private health-care providers are concentrated in urban India, providing secondary and tertiary care health-care services. The public health-care infrastructure in rural areas has been developed as a three-tier system based on

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Professional Communication and Team Collaboration

Details: Collaboration in health care is defined as health care professionals assuming complementary roles and cooperatively working together, sharing responsibility for problem-solving and making decisions to formulate and carry out plans for patient care. 5, 6 Collaboration between physicians, nurses, and other health care professionals increases team

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Effects of Health Insurance on Health

Details: This chapter presents the Committee's review of studies that address the impact of health insurance on various health-related outcomes. It examines research on the relationship between health insurance (or lack of insurance), use of medical care and health outcomes for specific conditions and types of services, and with overall health status and mortality. There is a consistent, positive

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The State of Health Disparities in the United States

Details: HEALTH DISPARITIES. For the purposes of this report, health disparities are differences that exist among specific population groups in the United States in the attainment of full health potential that can be measured by differences in incidence, prevalence, mortality, burden of disease, and other adverse health conditions ().While the term disparities is often used or interpreted to reflect

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Shared Language for Shared Work in Population Health

Details: Numerous social determinants of health (influences) can either positively or adversely affect community and population health outcomes. 12, 15, 24 These result in health disparities (consequences). 25, 26 Health equity is both a goal and a design principle: The goal is the absence of avoidable or remediable health differences among groups of

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The Root Causes of Health Inequity

Details: Health inequity, categories and examples of which were discussed in the previous chapter, arises from social, economic, environmental, and structural disparities that contribute to intergroup differences in health outcomes both within and between societies. The report identifies two main clusters of root causes of health inequity. The first is the intrapersonal, interpersonal, institutional

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Physical and Social Environmental Factors

Details: Physical Environmental Factors. The factors in the physical environment that are important to health include harmful substances, such as air pollution or proximity to toxic sites (the focus of classic environmental epidemiology); access to various health-related resources (e.g., healthy or unhealthy foods, recreational resources, medical care); and community design and the “built environment

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Defining and Measuring Population Health

Details: The novel challenge of a national health account is measuring health. In order to answer the question “What are people getting for their health care dollar?” it is necessary to be able to track the health of the population and its subgroups accurately, including those in vulnerable segments of the population. The broad health account requires data on medical care expenditures (and other

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Disease Prevention and Health Promotion

Details: A number of integrative health organizations encourage members to model healthy lifestyle behaviors, including the Academy of Integrative Health & Medicine 40 and the American Association of Naturopathic Physicians. 41 Among some integrative health educational institutions, a culture of wellness exists, where healthy food choices are readily

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The potential for artificial intelligence in healthcare

Details: The complexity and rise of data in healthcare means that artificial intelligence (AI) will increasingly be applied within the field. Several types of AI are already being employed by payers and providers of care, and life sciences companies. The key categories

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Types of intervention and their development

Details: This book is about the evaluation of the effectiveness of health-related interventions. We use the term ‘intervention’ to apply to any activity undertaken with the objective of improving human health by preventing disease, by curing or reducing the severity or duration of an existing disease, or by restoring function lost through disease or injury.

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Health, Wellbeing, and Prognosis of Australian Adolescents

Details: Onset of paediatric ME/CFS during this period can therefore pose a diagnostic challenge. Indeed, paediatric ME/CFS is known to be associated with compromised physical health and psychological health and wellbeing, including greater fatigue, pain, anxiety and depressive symptoms, and poorer sleep quality and quality of life [6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13].

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Health Problems of Homeless People

Details: Health Problems That Result from Being Homeless. Homelessness increases the risk of developing health problems such as diseases of the extremities and skin disorders; it increases the possibility of trauma, especially as a result of physical assault or rape (Kelly, 1985). 2 It can also turn a relatively minor health problem into a serious illness, as can be seen by the case of Doris Foy:

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Why measuring outcomes is important in health care

Details: Traditional health care systems have rewarded volume over value, creating fee‐for‐service or procedure‐based payment and delivery systems that are highly fragmented, siloed, and disconnected.5 Health care spending has increased unsustainably to approximately double the rate of gross domestic product growth in most developed countries.6

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The Health Belief Model as an Explanatory Framework in

Details: The Health Belief Model (HBM) posits that messages will achieve optimal behavior change if they successfully target perceived barriers, benefits, self-efficacy, and threat. While the model seems to be an ideal explanatory framework for communication research, theoretical limitations have …

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Dimensions of wellness: Change your habits, change your life

Details: People often think about wellness in terms of physical health — nutrition, exercise, weight management, etc., but it is so much more. Wellness is a holistic integration of physical, mental, and spiritual well-being, fueling the body, engaging the mind, and nurturing the spirit ().Although it always includes striving for health, it’s more about living life fully (), and is “a lifestyle

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Gender Differences in Determinants and Consequences of

Details: Gender differences in economic determinants of health and illness. Productive labour is usually defined as labour performed outside the household in income-generating employment; reproductive labour includes work done within the household, such as food preparation, childcare, housework, care of livestock and kitchen gardens.

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Wearable Health Devices—Vital Sign Monitoring, Systems and

Details: 1. Introduction. Wearable Health Devices (WHDs) are an emerging technology that enables continuous ambulatory monitoring of human vital signs during daily life (during work, at home, during sport activities, etc.) or in a clinical environment, with the advantage of minimizing discomfort and interference with normal human activities [].WHDs are part of personal health systems, a concept

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Impact of Vaccines; Health, Economic and Social Perspectives

Details: Public health infrastructure and personnel could be used to promote other important messages and health education (Shearley, 1999), relating to malnutrition, hygiene and sanitation and preventable diseases such as malaria and HIV infection. Global drivers are also key, as demonstrated by the establishment of the EPI in 1974, when all countries

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Public Health and Medical Care Systems

Details: One explanation for the health disadvantage of the United States relative to other high-income countries might be deficiencies in health services. Although the United States is renowned for its leadership in biomedical research, its cutting-edge medical technology, and its hospitals and specialists, problems with ensuring Americans’ access to the system and providing quality care have been a

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STRESS AND HEALTH: Psychological, Behavioral, and

Details: Stressors have a major influence upon mood, our sense of well-being, behavior, and health. Acute stress responses in young, healthy individuals may be adaptive and typically do not impose a health burden. However, if the threat is unremitting, particularly in older or unhealthy individuals, the long

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Resveratrol: A Double-Edged Sword in Health Benefits

Details: 2. Chemistry of Resveratrol. Resveratrol is a stilbenoid polyphenol, possessing two phenol rings linked to each other by an ethylene bridge. The chemical structure of resveratrol (trans-3,5,4′-trihydroxystilbene) is identified in two isomeric forms, cis-and trans-resveratrol (Figure 1).trans form is dominant in terms of its prevalence and different biological activities are attributed

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Public Health Challenges in India: Seizing the Opportunities

Details: In health sector, India has made enormous strides over the past decades. The life expectancy has crossed 67 years, infant and under-five mortality rates are declining as is the rate of disease incidence. Many diseases, such as polio, guinea worm disease, yaws, and tetanus, have been eradicated.

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Race/Ethnicity, Socioeconomic Status, and Health

Details: Health has a number of dimensions, including diseases and conditions, functioning loss, disability, and death (Verbrugge and Jette, 1994). The process of health change for populations can be thought of as beginning with the onset of diseases and conditions, which can lead to functioning loss and impairment and eventually disability and death.

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