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The health and wellbeing needs of veterans: a rapid review

Details: mental and social health problems in veterans compared to civilian populations, the reviews demonstrated the interconnection between these domains and the effect of demographic and military service factors. Conclusions: A key finding of the review is the interconnection of the mental, physical, and social health of

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Somatic health care professionals’ stigmatization of

Details: Patients with mental disorders have an increased risk of developing somatic disorders, just as they have a higher risk of dying from them. These patients often report feeling devaluated and rejected by health professionals in the somatic health care system, and increasing evidence shows that disparities in health care provision contribute to poor health outcomes.

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Health promotion lifestyle interventions for weight

Details: Health promotion interventions seem to meet the current requirements of psychiatric services, which prove to be the right setting for physical health care in this particular population. According to Chaudhry and colleagues [ 44 ], the physical health of hospitalised patients is closely monitored (although some simple and relevant indexes, e.g

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Measurement properties of tools measuring mental health

Details: Mental health literacy is a derivative of health literacy that evolved from functional literacy applied in health care environments addressing treatment adherence to a broader framework that further includes social and cognitive skills to improve and maintain good health and it is considered as an empowerment tool in social and political contexts .

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The risks, needs and stages of recovery of a complete

Details: The assessment of a patient’s needs has long been recognised as an essential component of health service planning and delivery [].The assessment of need is a term used to describe the array of requirements for patients to optimise their recovery, and encompasses a diverse array of biological, psychological, social, cultural, and spiritual factors.

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Mental health in young mothers, single mothers and their

Details: Parenthood is a life transition that can be especially demanding for vulnerable individuals. Young maternal age and maternal single status have been reported to increase the risk for adverse outcomes for both mother and child. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of young maternal age and maternal single status on maternal and child mental health and child development at age 3.

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Supplier-induced demand for psychiatric admissions in

Details: Small area analysis is a health services research technique that facilitates geographic comparison of health services utilization rates [].Using this technique, researchers have consistently documented the existence of supplier-induced demand [] for health services [3–5].Rates of procedures--such as tonsillectomy, prostatectomy, and hysterectomy []--and inpatient hospitalization rates for

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Factors associated with the burden of family caregivers of

Details: Caregivers are responsible for the home care of family members with mental-health disorders often experience changes in their life that can generate stress and burden. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with the burden of caregivers of family members with mental disorders. This cross-sectional study was conducted with a non-probability sample of family …

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The influence of caregiver depression on adolescent mental

Details: Family-level predictors, including caregiver depression, are considered important influences on adolescent mental health. Adolescent depression and anxiety in refugee settings is known to be a significant public health concern, yet there is very limited literature from humanitarian settings focusing on the relationship between caregiver mental health and adolescent mental health.

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Coercion: point, perception, process BMC Psychiatry

Details: The use of coercion in the treatment of persons with serious mental illness is a long debated strategy to gain adherence to treatment for persons believed to …

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Common adult psychiatric disorders in Swedish primary care

Details: The Primary Care Register (PCR) is a research dataset including individual-level information such as diagnoses based on visits to primary health care centres in the following regions in Sweden: Värmland (during 2005–2015), Uppsala Län (2005–2015), Västernorrland (2008–2015), Norrbotten (2001–2014), Halland (2007–2014), Skåne (1998–2013), Östergötland (1998–2014), …

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Barriers and facilitators of effective health education

Details: Health education is particularly important for people with mental illness because they are at higher risk of becoming overweight or obese and developing type 2 diabetes than are members of the general population. However, little is known about how to provide health education activities that promote engagement and motivation among people with mental illness.

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Effects of sources of social support and resilience on the

Details: Social support and mental health. Social support has been described as “support accessible to an individual through social ties to other individuals, groups, and the larger community” [].Although social support can be measured in many ways, perceived social support is the most commonly measured index of social support [], given its ease of measurement and evidence that it is …

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Assessing physical activity in people with mental illness

Details: Physical inactivity is a key contributor to the global burden of disease and disproportionately impacts the wellbeing of people experiencing mental illness. Increases in physical activity are associated with improvements in symptoms of mental illness and reduction in cardiometabolic risk. Reliable and valid clinical tools that assess physical activity would improve evaluation of …

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Understandings of spirituality and its role in illness

Details: The mental-health professionals were recruited from 3 public hospitals, one of which was where the clients were recruited, and 3 non-governmental community mental-health rehabilitation centres. The main clientele that these clinical agencies served were persons with schizophrenia.

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The role of mental health symptomology and quality of life

Details: Mental health disorders occur in one in eight children and young people [].The most common problems are internalising disorders such as anxiety and depression, with rates highest in females aged between 16 and 19 [].At present, only one in four young people with difficulties within a clinical threshold will seek support from specialist Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services …

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A modified version of the mental health literacy scale

Details: World Health Organization (WHO) reported that 8% (586 million) of the global population suffer from mental disorders [].The results of a study performed in China showed that the prevalence rate of severe mental illness in 1-month and lifetime is 9.35 and 10.10%, respectively [].Moreover, based on the results of a meta-analysis conducted in Iran, the prevalence rate of psychiatric disorders was

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Sustained improvements in students’ mental health literacy

Details: Enhancement of mental health literacy for youth is a focus of increasing interest for mental health professionals and educators alike. Schools are an ideal site for addressing mental health literacy in young people. Currently, there is limited evidence regarding the impact of curriculum-based interventions within high school settings. We examined the effect of a high-school mental health

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The effectiveness of interventions targeting the stigma of

Details: Keywords: Stigma, Mental health, Workplace, Intervention Background Despite the availability of effective mental-health treat-ment, the majority of people experiencing mental-health problems do not seek help. Globally, the number of people experiencing mental disorders who do not receive any healthcare treatment is estimated to reach up to 70 %

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Mental health in young mothers, single mothers and their

Details: tal health (for the mothers) was explained by sociodemo-graphic factors. While low SES and poor health may be especially detrimental during the first years in life due to the intense brain development, effects in terms of cogni-tive ability, mental health and achievement may become more apparent in older children.

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What are the barriers, facilitators and interventions

Details: Mental health literacy and prior mental health care were the most cited facilitators for help-seeking for mental health problems (n = 10). Specifically, timely access to mental health was facilitated by having a previous positive experience with mental health services or help-seeking, being familiar with the sources of help, and good symptom

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The validity and reliability of the Patient Health

Details: Depression is an important public health problem. It is a disabling chronic mental health problem commonly encountered in primary care. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates, unipolar depressive disorders will become the leading cause of the global burden of disease by 2030 (World Federation for Mental Health (WFMH), 2012).

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An international comparison of the deinstitutionalisation

Details: Despite its inclusion as a key aspect of successful mental health care service provision by the World Health Organization, there exists a lack of consensus regarding the definition, key components and implementation of deinstitutionalisation. This lack of consensus has also contributed to subjectivity in assessments of countries’ progress towards deinstitutionalisation which act as a barrier

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Attitudinal and demographic factors associated with

Details: Despite the increased attention given to improvement of mental health-related knowledge and attitudes, rates of help-seeking for mental illness remain low even in countries with well-developed mental health services. This study examines the relationships between attitudes to mental illness, symptoms of common mental disorder and seeking-help and receiving medication for a mental health

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Mental health stigma and mental health knowledge in

Details: Mental health knowledge. The responses on the MHK items are shown in Table 4.High percentages of participants showed signs of basic knowledge about mental health, as shown by their affirmative responses (all > 80%) to statements about mental health as an integral part of health (item 1), everyday aspects that are helpful to keep good mental health (item 11), the unnoticed existence of …

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A qualitative study on the stigma experienced by people

Details: a community health volunteer who was in charge of the district in which the PMHP lived. Recruitment We aimed to include a wide variation in the characteris-tics of the PMHP, namely, gender, age, marital status, educational attainment, employment status, religion, type of mental health problem, and history of using health and welfare services.

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Recovery-focused mental health care planning and co

Details: Involving mental health service users in planning and reviewing their care can help personalised care focused on recovery, with the aim of developing goals specific to the individual and designed to maximise achievements and social integration. We aimed to ascertain the views of service users, carers and staff in acute inpatient wards on factors that facilitated or acted as barriers to

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Mental health screening amongst police officers: factors

Details: Mental health screening in the workplace aims to identify employees who are becoming symptomatic, in order to provide timely support and evidence-based interventions to those affected. Given the stigma associated with mental illness, accurate disclosure of mental health symptoms cannot be assumed. The present study sought to investigate factors associated with the accurate reporting of …

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An Integrated Recovery-oriented Model (IRM) for mental

Details: Health services to develop an innovative model of care at a level of service delivery that had not previously been explored. Details about the specific 20-bed, sub-acute Intermediate Stay Mental Health Unit (ISMHU) that was initially established are provided …

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Medicinal cannabis for psychiatric disorders: a clinically

Details: Due to the field still being in its infancy, a broad inclusion criteria was applied to the available data. The purpose was to locate human studies involving whole cannabis plant medicines and cannabis-derived isolates (singularly or in combinations) for the treatment of major psychiatric disorders or mental health symptoms.

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Depression and associated factors among prisoners in Bahir

Details: Globally there is a rapid increase in prison population, and one out of nine inmates suffers from mental disorders like depression. In Ethiopia, although a mental health strategy is in place, little attention is given to prisoners and studies which focus on depression among prisoners are still scarce. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of depression and factors associated with

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Predictors of help-seeking behaviour in people with mental

Details: The majority of people with mental illness do not seek help at all or only with significant delay. To reduce help-seeking barriers for people with mental illness, it is therefore important to understand factors predicting help-seeking. Thus, we prospectively examined potential predictors of help-seeking behaviour among people with mental health problems (N = 307) over 3 years.

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Understanding psychiatric institutionalization: a

Details: Since Goffman’s seminal work on psychiatric institutions, deinstitutionalization has become a leading term in the psychiatric debate. It described the process of closure or downsizing of large psychiatric hospitals and the establishment of alternative services in the community. Yet, there is a lack of clarity on what exactly the concept of institutionalization means in present-day psychiatry.

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Mental illness stigma’s reasons and determinants (MISReaD

Details: Mental illnesses pose a significant burden worldwide. Furthermore, the treatment gap for mental disorders is large. A contributor to this treatment gap is the perceived stigma towards mental illness. Besides impeding one’s help-seeking intentions, stigma also impairs persons with mental illness (PMI) in other aspects of their life. Studies have found that stigma may manifest differentially

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Impacts of stigma and discrimination in the workplace on

Details: Psychosis is a mental health condition characterised by symptoms including delusions, hallucinations, disorganised thinking and disorganised behaviour [].Psychotic symptoms, even when optimally treated, may persist and be extremely disruptive and impair ability to work.

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Factors associated with involuntary hospitalisation for

Details: J Epidemiol Community Health. 2007;61(7):613–8. PubMed PubMed Central Article Google Scholar 20. Priebe S, Frottier P, Gaddini A, Kilian R, Lauber C, Martinez-Leal R, Munk-Jorgensen P, Walsh D, Wiersma D, Wright D. Mental health care …

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Long-term psychological distress of Bosnian war survivors

Details: Mental Health Research after war and displacement. The current migrant crisis is unprecedented in modern Europe. In 2016, Europe experienced the largest influx of forcibly displaced people since the Second World War [].At the same time, the number of returnees increased globally, particularly to low- and middle-income countries [].Therefore, it is important to evaluate the long-term …

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A qualitative study of experiences of NHS mental

Details: Background The Covid-19 pandemic has imposed extraordinary strains on healthcare workers. But, in contrast with acute settings, relatively little attention has been given to those who work in mental health settings. We aimed to characterise the experiences of those working in English NHS secondary mental health services during the first wave of the pandemic. Methods The design was a

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A systematic review of co-responder models of police

Details: Police mental health street triage is an increasingly common intervention when dealing with police incidents in which there is a suspected mental health component. We conducted a systematic review of street triage interventions with three aims. First, to identify papers reporting on models of co-response police mental health street triage.

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The Prejudice towards People with Mental Illness (PPMI

Details: Although there is a substantial body of research on the stigma associated with mental illness, much of the extant research has not explicitly focused on the concept of prejudice, which drives discriminatory behaviour. Further, research that has investigated prejudice towards people with mental illness has conceptual, theoretical and psychometric limitations.

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Outcome measurement in mental health services: insights

Details: In mental health, outcomes are currently measured by changes of individual scores. However, such an analysis on individual scores does not take into account the interaction between symptoms, which could yield crucial information while investigating outcomes. Network analysis techniques can be used to routinely study these systems of interacting symptoms.

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Stigma of mental illness and cultural factors in Pacific

Details: Stigma of mental illness, involving in stereotypes, prejudice and discrimination, has been viewed as a significant obstacle to the improving quality of life for people with mental disorder [].Numerous empirical findings show that stigma of mental illness is common among persons with mental illness throughout the world and results in a range of negative adversities [2,3,4].

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Mental disorder and PTSD in Syria during wartime: a

Details: The stigma of mental health in Syria is very common, and only a few practicing psychiatrists and psychotherapists exist. As social support was only weakly but significantly correlated with lower K10 and SPTSS scores (r < 0.3 with P < 0.001), other measurements are required to boost mental health in the society. National-wide programs are needed

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Mental health first aid training of the public in a rural

Details: Background A Mental Health First Aid course has been developed which trains members of the public in how to give initial help in mental health crisis situations and to support people developing mental health problems. This course has previously been evaluated in a randomized controlled trial in a workplace setting and found to produce a number of positive effects. However, this was an efficacy

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Evaluation of attitudes and knowledge toward mental

Details: A cross-sectional survey was created and delivered through an Internet chat application over the period June–December 2017. The Mental Health Knowledge Questionnaire and the Perceived Devaluation and Discrimination Scale were used to evaluate the participants’ mental health knowledge and attitudes toward mental disorders.

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Loneliness in early psychosis: a qualitative study

Details: Loneliness is an important public health problem with established adverse effects on physical and mental health. Although people with psychosis often experience high levels of loneliness, relatively little is known about the relationship between loneliness and early psychosis. Potential interventions to address loneliness might be easier to implement early in the illness when social …

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Mental health literacy measures evaluating knowledge

Details: Mental health literacy has received increasing attention as a useful strategy to promote early identification of mental disorders, reduce stigma and enhance help-seeking behaviors. However, despite the abundance of research on mental health literacy interventions, there is the absence of evaluations of current available mental health literacy measures and related psychometrics.

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Scope, quality and inclusivity of international clinical

Details: It is estimated that up to 75% of patients with severe mental illness (SMI) also have substance use disorder (SUD). The aim of this systematic review was to explore the scope, quality and inclusivity of international clinical guidelines on mental health and/or substance abuse in relation to diagnosis and treatment of co-existing disorders and considerations for wider social and contextual

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